D Pietrucci, R Cerroni, V Unida, A Farcomeni, M Pierantozzi, NB Mercuri, S Biocca, A Stefani, A Desideri: Dysbiosis of gut microbiota in a selected population of Parkinson's patients. In: Parkinsonism and Related Disorders, Forthcoming.

Abstract

Introduction: In recent years the hypothesis that gut microbiota associates with Parkinson's disease (PD)has gained importance, although it has not been possible to define a specific microbiota composition as a predictive biomarker of this disease. We have investigated dysbiosis of gut microbiota in a selected population of PD patients from Central Italy, and examined the weight of specific confounders and predictors, in order to identify potential correlations with clinical phenotypes. Methods: 152 fecal samples were collected from 80 patients and 72 healthy controls. Patients were enrolled according to tight inclusion criteria. Microbiota composition was studied through 16s ribosomal RNA gene amplicon sequencing analysis in combination with data on dietary/life habits. Age, loss of weight, and sex were recognized as confounding factors, whereas PD-status, age, Body Mass Index, “eat cereals”, “gain of weigth” and “physical activity” as predictors. The presence of Lactobacillaceae, Enterobacteriaceae and Enterococcaceae families was significantly higher in feces from PD patients compared to healthy controls, while Lachnospiraceae were significantly reduced. Lower levels of Lachnospiraceae and higher levels of Enterobacteriaceae families also correlated with increased disease severity and motor impairment (Hoehn & Yahr stage, MDS-UPDRS Part III). Predictive metagenomics indicated a significant variation of genes involved in the metabolism of short chain fatty acids and amino acids, and in lipopolysaccharide biosynthesis. Conclusions: PD showed a distinctive microbiota composition. Functional predictions suggest changes in pathways favoring a pro-inflammatory environment in the gastrointestinal tract, and a reduction in the biosynthesis of amino acids acting as precursors of physiological transmitters.

BibTeX (Download)

@article{Pietrucci2019,
title = {Dysbiosis of gut microbiota in a selected population of Parkinson's patients},
author = {D Pietrucci and R Cerroni and V Unida and A Farcomeni and M Pierantozzi and NB Mercuri and S Biocca and A Stefani and A Desideri},
doi = {10.1016/j.parkreldis.2019.06.003},
year  = {2019},
date = {2019-06-03},
journal = {Parkinsonism and Related Disorders},
abstract = {Introduction: In recent years the hypothesis that gut microbiota associates with Parkinson's disease (PD)has gained importance, although it has not been possible to define a specific microbiota composition as a predictive biomarker of this disease. We have investigated dysbiosis of gut microbiota in a selected population of PD patients from Central Italy, and examined the weight of specific confounders and predictors, in order to identify potential correlations with clinical phenotypes. Methods: 152 fecal samples were collected from 80 patients and 72 healthy controls. Patients were enrolled according to tight inclusion criteria. Microbiota composition was studied through 16s ribosomal RNA gene amplicon sequencing analysis in combination with data on dietary/life habits. Age, loss of weight, and sex were recognized as confounding factors, whereas PD-status, age, Body Mass Index, “eat cereals”, “gain of weigth” and “physical activity” as predictors. The presence of Lactobacillaceae, Enterobacteriaceae and Enterococcaceae families was significantly higher in feces from PD patients compared to healthy controls, while Lachnospiraceae were significantly reduced. Lower levels of Lachnospiraceae and higher levels of Enterobacteriaceae families also correlated with increased disease severity and motor impairment (Hoehn & Yahr stage, MDS-UPDRS Part III). Predictive metagenomics indicated a significant variation of genes involved in the metabolism of short chain fatty acids and amino acids, and in lipopolysaccharide biosynthesis. Conclusions: PD showed a distinctive microbiota composition. Functional predictions suggest changes in pathways favoring a pro-inflammatory environment in the gastrointestinal tract, and a reduction in the biosynthesis of amino acids acting as precursors of physiological transmitters.},
keywords = {A. Desideri, D. Pietrucci},
pubstate = {forthcoming},
tppubtype = {article}
}